Creating Community-based Robust and Resilient Society (2012- )

PUBLIC NEEDS

Area Director: Haruo HAYASHI
Professor, Research Institute for Disaster Reduction Systems,
Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University

The Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011 caused extensive damage across many regions, but it also highlighted a number of issues relating to complex, widespread disasters, including earthquake and tsunami response, crisis management, information and communications, logistics, and emergency medical treatment.
RISTEX scientifically examines such issues and lessons gleaned from disasters with a view to implementing responses that will make our society more resilient to future large-scale disasters.

GOALS:

  1. To develop innovative community-based research programs seeking solutions to critical problems arising in the aged society,which involve relevant multi-stakeholders such as scientific disciplines,government agencies,industries and citizens.
  2. To introduce methodological innovations in research solving problems of the aged society.
  3. To create a network of R&D centers which will serve as the resource center for redesigning communities for the aged society.

Message from the Area Director

Stemming from burgeoning economic activities and population explosion spurred by developments in science and technology during the 20th century, the "risk society" has been noted as a key theme for the 21st century. This term refers to the need to create societies that are resilient to various types of risk in order to preserve platforms for safe and secure lifestyles and continue sustainable development.
Although the ideal would be to create a society free from disasters and crises, available resources are limited. To achieve a more resilient society using these limited resources, we must identify the risks that threaten society and clarify how to prepare for them.
Specialists in many fields agree that it is essential to integrate science and technology from various sectors in order to promote research and development that will steadily help to alleviate damage with a view to achieving a resilient society. We now need to put this concept into practice, aiming to ensure that research results are implemented in society.
Two crucial key words for this Focus Area are "community" and "links." In particular, we need to go beyond existing community frameworks to examine how diverse elements of society, including industry, academia, government, and citizens, can link together in response to widespread, complex disasters to create more powerful forums.
To ensure that ongoing risk communication and crisis communication in times of emergency function effectively, we will focus on the key prerequisites: people and society. We will also study essential aspects of actual issues, using accumulated knowledge and technologies in individual fields as a starting point and linking these to launch many social implementation endeavors aimed at achieving a resilient society.

R&D Projects

FY2013

Category I:Projects whose goal is to provide options for resolving social problems (the approach to R&D, organization of indicators, etc. for scientific evaluation)

  • A Proposal of Planning Methods for Creating Resilient Metropolitan Areas (3 yrs.)
    U HIROI [Associate Professor, Disaster Mitigation Research Center, Nagoya University]
  • Planning Process of Land Use Models for Sustainable Tsunami Resilience and "Regional Inheritance"(3 yrs.)
    Hideo YAMANAKA [Professor, Institute of Technology and Science, The University of Tokushima]

Category II:Projects whose goal is to go all the way to experimental proof of specific technologies, methods etc. to help resolve social problems

  • Disaster Medical Outreach for Urban Communities: An Integrated Approach (3 yrs.)
    Shoichi OHTA [Affiliate Professor, Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Tokyo Medical University]
  • Optimal Life Recovery Assistance for Disaster Survivors Living in Government-rented Private Apartments/Houses as Temporary Housing in a Widely Dispersed Area (3 yrs.)
    Shigeo TATSUKI [Professor, Department of Sociology, Doshisha University]
  • Creating Community-Based Disaster Reduction System in the Catastrophic Disaster Area by Protecting the Member of Local Voluntary Organizations (3 yrs.)
    Ichiro MATSUO [Deputy Director, Research Institute for Disaster Mitigation and Environmental Studies]

FY2012

Category I:Projects whose goal is to provide options for resolving social problems (the approach to R&D, organization of indicators, etc. for scientific evaluation)

  • Development of Support Model for Agriculture and Forestry Land Conservation and Resilience after Flooding Disaster in Hilly and Mountainous Areas (3 yrs.)
    Kazuo ASAHIRO [Associate Professor, Environment and Heritage Design, Faculty of Design, Kyushu University]

Category II:Projects whose goal is to go all the way to experimental proof of specific technologies, methods etc. to help resolve social problems

  • Redevelopment of Tsunami Impacted Coastal Region to Save Life and to Implement Disaster Resilient Community (3 yrs.)
    Mikiko ISHIKAWA [Professor, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Chuo University]
  • Development of a Disaster Management Support System Based on Computer-assisted Structuring of Disaster Information (3 yrs.)
    Kentaro INUI [Professor, Research Organization of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University]
  • Development of Comprehensive Disaster Mitigation Project of"Preservation Districts for Groups of Traditional Buildings" (3 yrs.)
    Hajime YOKOUCHI [Lecturer, Department of Architecture, Oyama National College of Technology]

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