人と情報のエコシステム

Legal being: electronic personhoods of artificial intelligence and robots in NAJIMI society, based on a reconsideration of the concept of autonomy

Principal Investigator
Minoru Asada
Affiliation
Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University
Job Title
Professor
Research and Development Period
October 2017 to September 2020

Project Outline

The AI technology and its development in recent years have been enabling a certain kind of autonomy of artificial systems and robots. Just like a child who tries to be independent from its parents, or, because of the complexity of their calculations they perform, they may behave beyond the expectations of their designer. As a result, they appear to be given a certain autonomy. However, the designer or the user may be subjected to an undue legal responsibility under current legal systems, that may interfere with desirable progress of science and technology.

In our project, based on the extent of their ability to set their object, to rewrite their programs by themselves, or the level of complexity of their calculations, we assume the three stages of the concept of autonomy of artificial systems. Then we figure out the legal devise applicable to the three stages, through the analysis of the traditional legal personality doctrines and of the history of the concept, persona. Moreover, we demonstrate the major legal and social problems provoked under current legal responsibility theories, especially in criminal law field, and then we propose a new legal responsibility theory and an institution for artificial systems. Also, we propose the legal provisions that realize the "NAJIMI society" through mock trials where using android in order to deepen the concept of autonomy and propose the preferable artificial systems in the future society and environment.

Investigators

Minoru Asada (Principal Investigator)

Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University

Professor

Konatsu Nishigai

Graduate School of Social Sciences, Department of Law and Politics, Faculty of Urban Liberal Arts, School of Law and Politics, Faculty of Law, Tokyo Metropolitan University

Associate Professor

Tatsuhiko Inatani

Graduate School of Law, Kyoto University

Associate Professor

Participating and Cooperating Organizations

Osaka University

Tokyo Metropolitan University

Kyoto University